Britain has voted to leave the European Union in a historic referendum. But the Euroskepticism that forced the referendum in the first place isn’t going anywhere. In fact, we should stop calling it “Euroskepticism.” It’s really “Eurohostility”—and it wouldn’t have gone away even if Britain had voted to stay in the E.U. Here are 5 places that show the depths of anti-E.U. anger beyond the British Isles—and what it means for Europe going forward.
In Italy, much of public anger focuses on the impact of the euro on the country’s economy. The Eurozone’s third-largest economy, Italy’s debt-to-GDP ratio (currently above 130%, fifth-highest in the world) makes it both too-big-to-fail and too-big-to-save. Traditionally, it’s been a political basket case—the country has had 63 different governments since the end of World War II—though current center-left Prime Minister Matteo Renzi has provided some stability and a credible push for much-needed reform. Renzi is trying to streamline the country’s unwieldy legislative process by concentrating power in the parliament’s lower house and granting the winning party an automatic minimum of 53 percent of seats to help ensure government stability. He’s called for a constitutional referendum this October to push through these changes.